Sheila - Captain first ever England team 1972 Black and white photo with sports bags. The first official WFA England Women’s Team in 1972 against Scotland, with captain Sheila Parker third from right on the standing row at the rear.
Sheila Parker England Ladies' First Captain
Dick, Kerr’s Sheila Parker first signed for Dick, Kerr Ladies aged 13 in 1960, making her debut on 10 June 1961, beating Oldham 6-2 at a game played at Cleveleys. A Lifelong passion was born. Sheila Parker fourth from the left at the rear. Dick, Kerr players from left to Right rear row: Brenda, Dot, Doreen, Sheila Parker, Margaret, Dianne, unknown, Kath Latham. Front row left to right: Carol, Titch Burke, Freda Garth, May, Pauline Rimmer.
I signed for Dick, Kerr’s in 1960 aged 13 Dick, Kerr’s Ladies and later made my debut on 10 June 1961 against Oldham who we beat 6-2 playing at Cleveleys. I so enjoyed playing the game and played wherever I was asked except for in goal. I just loved it so much, playing on ground at the local ‘rec’ (recreation park) at Chorley & picking up bits from the men, like how to slide tackle on the rec.
Fodens Sheila signed for Fodens in 1963, playing a variety of positions for the team and enjoying them all. A real team player, here Sheila holds the WFA Cup for 1974, which Fodens won over a strong Southampton side with many England players 2 goals to 1.
In 1963 I signed for Foden’s of Sandbach Cheshire, and played alongside some greats including Sylvia Gore. Most often, I played in midfield or defence but I didn't mind where, I just preferred to be playing. By 1969 The Women’s Football Association (WFA) had formed in England and Foden Ladies won the English Knock Out Competition Final, versus Westhorn United of Scotland, a sort of Scotland v England before full internationals. As captain of Fodens, I was part of the team that beat the up and coming Southampton side, which had several players who would later become full England internationals, 5-1. Another career highlight. In 1970 The North West Women’s League was formed comprising eight teams. In 1972, I captained the first ever WFA England side in a 3-2 win over Scotland with Sylvia Gore scoring the first goal. I was made captain by manger Eric Worthington, the night before the match. I went on to play under 4 England managers: Eric Worthington; John Adams; Tommy Tranter and Martin Reagan. All through 1973 England remained unbeaten in five matches that I captained. As England team players we travelled to several overseas countries which in those days was a marvelous honour, as we were all so down to earth and loved playing the sport. In 1974 I also won a WFA Cup Medal with Fodens in the 2-1 win over Southampton, a hard fought game.
PNE In 1975 Sheila Parker signed for Preston North End Ladies, and is front row, second from left, playing alongside many legendary players of her day.
I signed for Preston North End Ladies FC in 1975 scoring 51 goals in 14 games and helping them to the Division One Championship. 1976 was another career highlight as England won the first ever home international championships, and Preston North End retained the League Championship, in which I scored 42 goals. In 1977 I won a third Division One Championship medal, with PNE and we did the double, of the first ever League Cup final. A great year since I also scored the only goal against Italy at Wimbledon to win that international. A header, if I remember rightly. I was so happy and proud!
Thumbs up! Sheila Parker and two Italian policemen after the match at Skeffati.
My club and England career continued, winning in 1978 a League Cup winner’s medal and part of the newly formed North West Regional Squad. Again in 1979, Preston won the League Cup and the League Championship, a double double for the club. In 1980 PNE won the Championship, and League Cup, narrowly missing out on the treble of the WFA Cup by finishing runner’s up to St Helens. I was voted Player of the Match though. We played a really attacking style of football. Five forwards, full backs, who could get forwards, a playmaker centre half, and attacking midfielders.
Double Thumbs Up! Sheila Parker and the squad training, Sheila in her trademark badged cap in Kobe Japan early September 1981.
At Ease officer. Sheila Parker in Tiger T shirt and hat with badges while visiting the Portopia exhibition Kobe Japan Friday 4 September 1981.
A career highlight came when England toured Japan in 1981. When it was announced, I thought brilliant! It was really an honour and so unusual, to get to go to Japan and be invited to do so. I really enjoyed it. It was my first long flight and it seemed to take forever to get to Japan, with the signs and food and customs so unusual, but very welcoming at the same time. Kobi stadium was very exciting! I had this cap that I wore everywhere, full of badges that I collected but so many children came out to see us that I gave some of my beloved badges to the Japanese children fans. This was our preparation for the forthcoming UEFA Cup Competition and the overseas preparation served us well.
With Michael, Sheila Parker at Kobe stadium early September 1981.
In 1982 I signed for St Helen’s and helped them to a First Division Championship and League Cup winner’s double. The UEFA Cup qualifiers began with three straight wins for England. The next year was mixed emotions. After 33 games for England I retired from the squad on 22 May 1983 when we had a 2-0 win over Scotland in the UEFA Cup qualifier at Elland Road. I was voted Division Two Player of the season after signing as player and then becoming manager in 1984 for my home team, Chorley Ladies FC. In 1988 I received a loyalty award from the North West Women’s League. But I couldn't leave it there. In 1989, I signed for Second Division Wigan Ladies FC, winning a Championship medal and intermediate cup finalist medal in 1990 I captained Wigan in the restructured North West Women’s League to a second championship and promotion to Division One. Thirty-four years on, aged 46 I decided to retire from football, playing my final years for Clitheroe Ladies FC.
England Squad lineup at the Portopia Exhibition 4 September 1981, Sheila Parker in her trademark cap.
Changing Room Team Talk. Sheila Parker giving her half time talk in the 4-0 victory over Japan 6 September 1981.
Refereeing helped to fill the gap that football left in my life and I became a Class 2 referee in the Saturday Alliance League, and Sunday League in Chorley. Football was the centre of my life still. I kept fit, by jogging, and training on the rec. By the time of my National Football Hall of Fame notification in 2013, I had finished playing quite a few years. I was inducted alongside great male and female players, from Lily Parr onwards to Matthew Letisser, Cliff Jones, Jack Taylor, Eddie Grey, David Clarke, and Mike Somerbee. This was the best honour and, one that will last forever.
Sheila Parker in her green track suit, second from front, at a reunion of the Dick, Kerr Ladies in 1993.
Japanese children fans at the Kobe game. Sheila Parker gave away some of her beloved cap badges to the children fans as gifts September 1981.
SYLVIA (MARGARET) GORE M.B.E.
All text and images courtesy of John Carrier from his interview with Sylvia 08th July, 2016.
Taken in Dundee Sunday, 22nd April, 1979 Gill Maskell, Sylvia Gore and Mai Griffith (Sylvia`s 2nd game in charge of Wales)
Thanks to Mai Griffith and John Carrier
Early years and Manchester Corinthians Sylvia was born in Prescot, Lancashire on the 25th November, 1944 into a footballing family her father (Jack) and Uncle both played for British Insulated Calender Cables in Prescot and subsequently encouraged Sylvia to take up the sport of football. She had received many accolades over her 60 years in football and none more so than her M.B.E. awarded to her in 2000 for her services to women`s and girls' football in England. She informed me while at secondary school her Headmaster would not allow her to play football which did not deter her, so she would play from the age of 12 years young, at every opportunity. Her first club was the Corinthians of Manchester, based in Didsbury who she joined in 1961 and spent 6 years with them travelling across the country and into Italy, at a time when women were banned from playing on affiliated grounds in England; due to the ban imposed in 1921 here I will quote what Sylvia told me of this period in time. ‘You know things were tough back then, when I was playing for Corinthians back in the 50`s we had an agent based in Portugal (the Red Cross would sponsor trips abroad) and he would pay for our trips we played all over the World as a youngster I played in front of 80,000, in South America and at the San Siro Stadium in Milan, this was because of the ban on women playing in England it was hard to find grounds to play on that`s why we played abroad such a lot. While with the Corinthians we raised over £250,000 and would be away from home at 3 months at a time, I started playing at 12 years old…I was 28 years old when I won my first cap (with England) in my day there was very few Internationals played, my friend Gill Coultard she has over 100 caps from her day, the girls today stand a good chance of raising their cap level because there are so many more tournaments…we couldn`t keep our bags or our kit, hard times the girls all had to pay their way.’ It has been said Sylvia played in South America with the Corinthians however their first trip to South America was in 1960 Sylvia was not playing for them then. The Liverpool Echo reported 13th June, 1962 that 17 year old Sylvia was to tour South America with the Corinthians, unfortunately that tour did not take place. Memories often become hazy with the passage of time; consequently research is important in clarifying details where possible from images, newspaper reports and individuals who were part of that team. However this does not detract from when she went on trial in 1961 a fortnight later she would be gracing some famous pitches in Italy and scoring some 40/50 goals in her first season.
Foden’s In 1967 Sylvia moved to play for Foden’s Ladies a factory team based in Sandbach, Cheshire who manufactured trucks. Here her reputation as a tenacious inside-right would blossom, touring across the country raising money for numerous charitable causes. In 1969 Foden Ladies (England) became Great Britain Champions via Hughie Green`s association Butlins Cup beating Scottish side Westthorn United 1-0 (Scotland) at Greenock Holiday Park. In 1970 Sylvia and Foden Ladies (England) played Westthorn United (Scotland) again in the same competition this time held at Belle Vue, Stadium in Manchester beating the team from Hamilton 2-0. The team also appeared on Hughie Green`s talent show Opportunity Knocks. During 1970 Sylvia and Foden would visit North Wales in Flintshire to play a newly formed independent team, Prestatyn Ladies formed by sisters Eleri and Mai Griffith to be played on Easter Sunday 29th March in front of over 3,000 spectators. Eleri Roberts (nee Griffith) remarked ‘Foden`s were brilliant with possibly Sylvia Gore being the pick of the bunch.’ That game was won by Foden 9-0 scorers unknown but Sylvia certainly made an impact. These two teams would later meet on a frequent basis in further games 5-a-side, Tournaments and W.F.A. Cup games in later years as well as produce internationals for both England and Wales. Foden and Sylvia returned to North Wales once more to play Deeside Firebelles at Queensferry winning 6-0 on Sunday 13th September, 1970.
England Call-up Which leads into perhaps Sylvia`s proudest moment of her playing career when she was picked by Eric Worthington (England Women`s Manager) to play in the first international at Ravenscraig Stadium, Greenock on Saturday 18th November, 1972 which Sylvia informed was a freezing cold day, including snow. This was the day Sylvia would score England`s very first, historic goal in the first half after Scotland had taken a two goal lead. Second half and two more goals would come from England, Jeannie Allott and Lynda Hale a 3-2 victory away from home. As happens in football Sylvia would come up against her former club Corinthians in the Silktown Challenge Trophy held in Macclesfield during May, 1972 the teams met in the Group stage with Foden winning 3-1 and subsequently beating Preston N.E.in the final by the same score with Sue Fish, Sylvia and Leslie Cauldwell securing the Trophy. During 1974 Sylvia with Foden would achieve another milestone in history by beating the mighty Southampton Ladies team who were 3 times winners of the Mitre/Pony Cup at Bedford Town FC 2-1 with 2 goals from Alison Leatherbarrow (Foden) and Pat Davies (Southampton) Sylvia mentioned her memories of this game, “Sue Lopez is a good friend of mine she managed Wales as well in fact Sue played for Southampton who used to win the Women`s F.A. Cup year after year although while I was at Foden`s we played them in their fourth Cup Final and beat them 2-1, I think I scored with my head but I was knocked out from that one. While at Foden`s we would travel in a bus they built and we took it on one Tour to Holland, it had one of those stairs on the back that wound up to the next level, very few of the girls if any worked in the factory at Foden`s.” Final England Cap Her career as an England international resulted in 5 caps, with the last against Wales at Warminster on the 17th March, 1974 winning 5-0. Her club career continued with Foden Ladies up to 1975.
Prestatyn An area of her career that seems to have been ignored when she joined Prestatyn Ladies FC who were playing in the Merseyside and Wirral Women`s Football League, and along with Alison Leatherbarrow also from Foden Ladies they would carve out history yet again joining a growing team`s reputation and enhancing it to became the first side to win the Treble, they had been close the year before. The first game I discovered was marked as Alison`s debut which was a League encounter on the 14th September, 1975 at home to Chester Ladies beating them 14-0 with Alison at centre-half scoring on her debut, while Sylvia knocking in 4, Brenda Jones 5, Elaine Badrock 3, and Julie Yale adding to the score.
League Cup Final: - 18th April, 1975 (Easter Weekend) venue Courtaulds, Greenfield Ground against Halton Ladies, Prestatyn Ladies win 4-2 Elaine Badrock 3, Helen Langford with Sylvia contributing pass after pass to deliver the win.
The Championship was a close run affair with Prestatyn just needing one point to secure the title, Sunday 25th April, 1975 last game of the season was away to Southport Ladies Julie Yale scored 3 minutes into the game, Southport equalised. Come the 75th minute the Southport keeper fumbled the ball and Sylvia pounced to pass back for Mai Griffith to thunder the ball home. In the last 5 minutes the referee awarded Southport a penalty only for it to be saved, but the Referee adjudged Dianne Totty had moved and the kick was retaken. Prestatyn held on and won the Championship.
Con-Rogan Cup Final: - 15th May, 1975 venue Miners Institute, Fynnongroew, Flintshire opposition once more Southport Ladies who were dispatched 5-0 with Sylvia once more delivering pass after pass Julie Yale securing a hat-trick with a superb cross from the right into the path of Mai Griffith to secure the fourth followed by a penalty duly dispatched by Brenda Jones. With the addition of Sylvia and Alison Leatherbarrow the team became the first to win the Treble in the League`s history. Sylvia continued with Prestatyn for the 1976/77 season with a notable performance against her former club Foden Ladies in the 2nd Round of the Mitre Cup in Cheshire and as is the way former players tend to raise their game and spirits resulting in a 7-1 victory for the team from Flintshire with Sylvia scoring one, Elaine Badrock 4, Helen Langford and Mai Griffith adding their share to inflict a painful defeat, which left the Cheshire cat with a frown on that day. After this game Sylvia`s name no longer appears in Prestatyn line-ups as Mai Griffith told me “Sylvia left the club due to travelling from her home in Prescot, for training and match day I`m unsure of the actual date but sometime in 1976/77”. Prescot Sylvia was quite taken with the Merseyside League which had now introduced a second Division for 1977/78 and she allegedly helped in coaching at St Helens Ladies for a short period before forming Prescot Ladies actually taking three Prestatyn girls with her and subsequently joining the league. The two teams would meet in the 1st Round of the Con Rogan Cup on the 22nd October, 1978 only for Prestatyn to beat Sylvia`s team 3-2.
Wales, Coaching and Management While managing Prescot Ladies Sylvia was approached in regard to the Wales women`s national team which is when I asked how and who appointed her. “I was approached by a lady called Ida, who asked if I would be interested in taking on the Wales job, which although I`m English was thrilled to be asked as you would any International side.” Ida Driscoll was the Chairwoman of the Wales Women`s Football International (W.W.F.I.), her appointment was confirmed on Saturday 17th February, 1979 she was to meet the team literally days before they were to embark on a trip to Bordeaux on the Thursday 22nd to play France in Pauillac on Saturdaythe 24th February, 1979at this time Sylvia was also still managing her home town team of Prescot Ladies. The appointment with Wales was initially for 12 months, but lasted some 10 years, with enforced breaks down to lack of funds from the W.W.I.F. one report I read indicated Sylvia was assisted in her role with Wales by former Newport County player Terry Hubbard, who I assume would have been her South Wales contact on looking at potential players for the national squad. Her first game in charge against France was a baptism of fire losing 6-0. Being up against Pierre Geoffroy the French Manager who had suffered a 1-1 draw against Wales on the 03rd of June, 1978 in Merthyr Tydfil with the media in France tore the team and Manager to pieces for that result. So revenge was on the cards for sure, what was interesting by the fact that the game was only 70 minutes long, 35 minutes each half which was a ruling back then by U.E.F.A. that any games of players aged 17 and over would play the times indicated. Although all the games in Britain were 90 minutes, the laws of the game as prescribed by U.E.F.A. stipulated games involving players below 17 years of age would be 30 minutes each way. The scorers of the French goals was as follows: - Marie-Agnes Plantegenet 3, Martine Chapuzet, Mariene Farrugia and Chantel Pani. Two reports I have seen on the attendance one stating 2,296 the other from an unknown French newspaper stating 1600 paying attendees with 400 students admitted free of charge. The finances for Wales were very poor and Sylvia told me “I remember with Wales I put £5,000 of my own money to try to stabilise the Welsh team, nothing from the F.A.W….money was always a massive problem. But you know we all played for the love of the game. The Welsh girls were all self funded with occasional sponsorship I recall a trip to the Isle of Man which they all paid for to play England in 1985.” Her next 3 games in charge were all away first to Scotland on Sunday 22nd April, 1979 a 2-0 defeat with goals from Elinor Vinesky of Motherwell and Claire Thompson of Edinburgh Dynamo`s. Her greatest challenge was to come once more in Italy with Wales in what the media perceived as the Women`s World Cup, when in reality it was the pre-cursor to the Women`s European Championship that consisted of 12 invited teams split into 4 groups of 3 Group D had Sweden, Netherlands and Wales. England was also in attendance in Group B with Finland and Switzerland. Sylvia was particularly proud to have taken a team to this competition “This was something I had dreamed of, taking a national team into a competitive Tournament like Italy I wouldn`t have missed that opportunity, very proud to have taken Wales there” Known as CON IL PATROCINIO DI “SPORT SUD” Wales played in Rimini sponsors paid all the expenses of the teams competing but like a similar tournament in 1978 once more not recognised by U.E.F.A. or F.I.F.A. who seemed out of sorts with the Italian organisers. Sylvia`s Wales were defeated by Sweden 3-0 on the 19th July with a 12noon kick-off and Netherlands 2-0 on the 21st July. The Final between Denmark v Italy in Naples attracted a crowd of 15,000 with the Danes victorious as 2-0 winners. While finding images of Sylvia I noticed she would sometimes walk with a cane and I asked why? “I was about 35 or 36 I had an accident when I fell down stairs, so couldn`t play anymore…although I did a walking football match not too long ago with Alan Shearer and Harry Kane from Tottenham, it`s on You Tube on the internet, that was fun but I was sore the next day…I`m troubled with sciatica in my right leg, which means I need a frame to walk with or a wheelchair at times…which isn’t me I like to be up and active!” During 1982/83 there were no games for Wales, ironically this was a time when the first U.E.F.A. Women`s Championships qualifiers were played with England, Scotland and Northern Ireland all competing why not Wales? “As with any sport money is an important issue, like with Wales the finances just weren`t there to help progress the sport and I look at the millions coming into the game but very little get`s filtered down to the women`s game”
A report in the Liverpool Echo, Wednesday 23rd November, 1983 Sylvia is mentioned in being selected to play for an England 1973 team against the current England team in a 5-a-side match at Empire Pool Wembley in celebration of her 25 years in football, it also relates to her being the manager Wales (her fourth year in charge) and of Deeside Ladies playing in the Merseyside and Wirral League as well as manager of the Leagues squad when they would compete against other Leagues that would take place across the country. It also stated she would occasionally lace-up her boots for the Deeside team when required at the age of 39 years young. Sylvia`s final game for Wales was a fixture in Huyton at the Prescot Leisure Centre up against Liz Deighan`s England U21`s a game that was raising funds for Whiston Hospital`s CAT Scanner appeal. From a W.F.A. Officers report in 1988 a request from the Welsh women`s national squad manager to request if the game could go ahead on the Sunday, 02nd April, 1989, with some assistance being given to the W.F.A. with costs involved. Which was agreed and Sylvia would be dutifully informed the game attracted some 400 in attendance and resulted in a 4-0 defeat. Technically this was Sylvia`s last game in charge, although she would endeavour to keep the Wales team primed if required with a Past Wales team against a Present Wales team on Sunday 24th July, 1990 with the Present team winning 2-0. Sylvia would assist her former England teammate Wendy Owen at Tranmere Rovers Ladies, cover a number of positions at Liverpool Ladies, manage the England U16`s girls team. Become the first Director of Liverpool County Football Association, served for 20 years on the F.A. Women`s Football Committee. Be awarded the M.B.E. in 2000 for services to women`s and girl`s football. https://www.nationalfootballmuseum.com/halloffame/sylvia-gore/ Followed by her Induction in 2014 into the National Football Museum Hall of Fame, in Manchester. https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p02vsrtt She was very up to date, when we spoke in relation to women footballers both in Wales and England and was truly honoured to be an Ambassador for Manchester City Women it is fitting when she said “Have you seen the fantastic facilities at the Etihad for the women`s team the set up there is fabulous, the game is going in the right direction”. Sylvia passed away aged 71 in 2016 http://www.thefa.com/news/2016/sep/09/fa-deeply-saddened-by-loss-of-sylvia-gore-mbe
Prestatyn Ladies 1976
The names on this image back row:- (l to r) Julie Richards, Debbie Faulkner, Helen Langford, Dianne Totty, Karen Wells, Elaine Badrock. Front row: - (l to r) Jackie Weir (nee Jones), Joan Fields (nee Williams)*, Sylvia Gore, Mai Griffith, Brenda Blythyn (nee Jones) and Alison Leatherbarrow. Thanks to John Carrier *Joan Williams had previously played in goal for Dundalk against Manchester Corinthians at Prestatyn in 1970
Do you have memories or more information about Sylvia and her career? If so, please get in touch.
Carol Thomas The first woman to 50 caps for England, and England captain
7th Nov 1974 - Programme for Carol's first game (and Carol is proud to say it was 44 years before their victory against the French was repeated!).
6th Sept 1974 - Carol's first ever call up letter.
1st Aug 1974 - The first ever all women FA Coaching Course held and led by England Manager Tommy Tranter (front), Carol on second to left.
Born in 1955, Carol Thomas was part of a sport loving family along with her two brothers, and her Dad, in particular, playing football in Hull. Carol would go on to become the first English woman to win 50 caps for her country, at a time when the schedule of women’s matches did not yet include a World Cup (the first was in 1991), or an Olympic tournament (to follow in 1996). Carol also captained her country.
The inimitable, and indomitable, Flo Bilton ran a women’s team nearby, called Reckitts and Coleman, one of several women’s works football teams in the region, including British Oil and Cocoa Mills (BOCM) At eleven, inspired by England’s World Cup win, Carol took her football more seriously and joined the women’s team,BOCM, just as pioneering leaders Flo Bilton and Pat Gregory were forming the Women’s Football Association (WFA), and affiliated to the FA on the same basis as a county FA. Flo Bilton had played as a goalkeeper for Reckitts since the 1940s, and developed women’s football around Hull, as well as making the England caps by hand for the first representative team in 1972, and thereafter. Carol went to her first England trials, and, in August 1974 successfully completed to the first ever women’s coaching course at Lilleshall, working with England manager Tommy Tranter. Tranter invited Carol for England trials and she won her first cap on 7 November 1974 when she came on as a substitute, at Wimbledon, playing against France, aged nineteen.
15th Nov 1977 - the England squad relax at 'Martini House', London ahead of the England/Italy game - Martini were the Match Trophy sponsors.
6th September 1981 - the England party assemble at Heathrow before their trip to Japan, the first England National Women's side to play outside of Europe.
16th September 1980 - Carol Thomas in action against Sweden (probably the best action shot of Carol).
Jean asked Carol, how did that feel? ‘It was absolutely amazing just to get the letter telling me I had been selected,’ Carol tells me, ‘then to go to England training at Crystal Palace, to pull on the shirt and sit in the dug out made me so proud, so when I actually got onto the pitch, it was my footballing dream.’
More England games followed in 1975, against increasingly exotic opponents, like Switzerland, and then, to Carol’s surprise, in May 1976 Tommy asked her to take on the captaincy, from Sheila Parker just weeks before her 21st birthday. Jean observed that, maybe her performance at the coaching course had shown her ability to read a game and lead others? ‘I think that’s right,’ Carol agreed, ‘I could read a game and see what people were going to do, even before they did it, or perhaps knew they were going to do it. But also I was a good trainer, I worked hard, and I listened to what the coaches were saying, trying always to improve my game. I was a calming influence and I tried to lead by example.’
8th April 1977 - Carol (right) with David Hunt (then Chair of the WFA) and the Swiss captain with the trophy the teams played for at Carol's home club, Hull City, Boothferry Park
25th May 1984 - Martin Reagan (England manager) leads a tactics discussion with his England squad in an Italian café ahead of the 1984 Mundialito.
Those 50 England caps followed at a time when it must be remembered that there were just six England women’s matches in 1976, five in 1977 and three in 1978. This was an amazing achievement by an amateur player. When Carol married her husband in 1979, she flew out later that weekend to Italy for a fortnight with the England team to play in a tournament, her version of a honeymoon. In the last of these matches, against Italy in Naples which England lost 3-1, the players threw the fully clothed referee in the hotel pool afterwards in protest at his poor decision making.
27th May 1984 - Handshake with the Swedish captain ahead of the Euro final, 2nd leg, at Kenilworth Road, Luton Town - just look at the pitch!
Carol played until 1985 when she retired to have her children. Before then she had the good fortune of Hull City allowing her to train with the male Under 19s on Tuesdays and Thursdays to keep her skills and fitness sharp. As a valued Northern Dairies employee, her employer was also supportive. Like others, she also did long stints on the motorways and A roads to play at the highest female club level she could to maintain her England place, including at CP Doncaster, Preston and Rowntrees (York). Today Carol has two hand made Flo Bilton England caps in her collection and yet she is still waiting to be inducted into the Hall of Fame at the National Football Museum, a recognition long overdue for the first English woman to win fifty caps for her country.
17th March 1985 - The England and Scotland squads line up at Deepdale as Carol leads out England to win her 50th cap.
As Carol herself now sums up her career: The year 1985 was significant for me, just a year before I had played in a UEFA Final for National Representative Women's Teams (this was its formal title, it could not be simply called the European Nations Cup!) and now, one year on, I was winning my 50th cap. We played at Deepdale, the home of Preston North End, against Scotland. It was cold, the pitch was frozen, hard as a skating rink with snow brushed off to behind the goals. In the current era the game would have been called due to safety issues. After a slow start we ran out 4 - 0 winners. After the game, I was privileged to have Sir Tom Finney award me my cap. Wow! A living legend of the English men's game, and here he was presenting me with my 50th England cap. I had to pinch myself. It was only when I got home that I had time to start reflecting on what I'd achieved so far. England player at 19, England captain by 21, and a leading player for an unbroken 11 years, 1st English women to reach 50 caps and a European finalist and the prospect of leading England into another Mundialito (Little World Cup). Not bad for a girl from a footballing backwater! I also realised that my 50th cap as England captain was also within my reach. How that sounded, and what a driving force 'the 1st English woman to captain England 50 times'.
My media appearances started to increase and I realised I had to promote our game. Short appearances in all the media, national and regional, were frequent. I like to think I gave our game its rightful exposure, albeit small written articles and timeslots and given the attitude towards our game.
The birth of my first son, saw me make the decision to retire. But it wasn't long before I returned to help create a local side. I carried on, with no thought of an international return, but just to enjoy myself and hopefully pass on some knowledge and experience. Eventually I was asked to captain the 1st East Riding County FA Women's Squad when I was well into my 40's. I eventually retired in 2009, aged 54. The legs were 'going', actually, the bruising was taking longer to disappear, I had too many mountains to climb and two grandsons to help to nurture.
25th December 1986 - The Guinness Book of Records entry for 1986 - the first ever entry for a woman footballer.
My involvement with our game has never really stopped. I have made several guest appearances at discussion groups, award ceremonies, etc, since my 'retirement', and my most recent involvement, November 2019, has seen me being appointed as the first Club Ambassador and Lifetime Honorary Member to Hull City Ladies AFC, with the aim to 'spread the good word' about our game (and our club, of course).
I hope I moved the women's game forward, if only by a fraction. Given the era, a fraction would equate to giant leaps compared to today's exposure our game gets.
Pat Dunn The First FA Qualified Referee and first WFA Chair 1969
Family and early football Patricia Alice Lewis, better known under her married name Pat Dunn, was born in 1933 as the youngest of four children to Henry and Rebecca. Brother Arthur was the eldest sibling, then her sisters, Doreen and Miriam, who was known as Joan, followed by Pat. All were very close, as their Mum died when Pat was just two, so Joan in particular really bought Pat up. Joan reported that as a child Pat was sickly and determined to make something of her life. Pat came to Weymouth, in Dorset as an evacuee during the Second World War, from Elephant and Castle in London. With her father and three siblings, the move in 1939 was to give her an enormous affection for Weymouth. Pat and Joan played football informally while growing up on Weymouth Old Rec, but the younger sister was more enthusiastic than the elder. Women’s teams from World War Two disbanded, and it was not long before Pat joined Stroud Green FC, in Newbury Berkshire at the age of fifteen, as the only girl in the team. This would have been in the season 1958/9, and the other players did not hold back, with Pat returning home on one occasion with seven stitches above her eye, along with several cuts and bruises.
Organised Football Pat worked as an account clerk at the Dorset Evening Echo, and football ruled her life. As a child, niece Deborah who has helped so kindly with this piece, remembered being slightly embarrassed by her pioneer aunt because people used to ask, ‘Is that your Aunty, the one who plays football?’ Pat seems to have played in an organised way for women’s teams firstly for the newspaper, versus a local team, about 1966. This seems to have been a work’s team. Pat worked for the newspaper for 30 years, and its support was helpful in promoting her as a pioneer of women in football. She lived in Chickerell Road Dorset, with husband Alf, who, unsurprisingly, had been a former footballer for Chickerell and other teams: ‘I couldn’t have married anyone who wasn't interested in football,’ she is reported to have said.
Refereeing Pioneer However, it was Pat’s wish to referee that upset the FA quite so much, since they did not have a rule banning women from refereeing, as, in their view, it was inconceivable that a woman should try. Beginning by running the line, Pat soon wanted to officiate in the middle of the park, and began in youth football, and friendlies, where a formal refereeing certificate was not needed. In 1967, Pat told the Daily Mirror newspaper that she had begun to referee ‘as a joke’ in 1965, at the age of thirty four when asked by her office team had asked and she had accepted the half-hearted invitation. 1 In 1967 Pat refereed the auspicious-sounding Southern Newspapers Knockout Cup, between The Dorset Evening Echo and The Bournemouth Times. By 1967 she was refereeing local matches and part of the home-grown football scene. She had by then applied to take the FA examinations to become a qualified referee. There was no doubt in her mind about the attitudes of the FA, but she was determined to become a pioneer. By then such a fixture of local football that Pat saved a Portland player’s life when Pat Matthews broke his wrist, fainted with shock, and swallowed his tongue when unconscious. Pat gave mouth-to-mouth resuscitation until the ambulance arrived.
Perhaps the national news coverage of Pat’s wish to become a referee embarrassed the FA, as a local spokesman said he had not previously been aware of a woman refereeing a men’s game and did not think it would be allowed. Unsurprisingly, Pat considered this to be ‘ a load of bunkum’ and told The Sun so. Less than a month later, on 18 February 1967, the Dorset County Football Association (DCFA), sent a letter, signed by secretary Mr J. Hodges which opined that: ‘the referees feel no useful purpose would be gained by you taking the examination to be a referee. It has always been the purpose of the county referees’ board to hold examinations for the purpose of the registration of referees to serve on the county referees lists. In your case this would not, of course, be possible.’2
An appeal to the FA was met with the ruling that, ‘we do not recognize ladies football so it would be ridiculous to accept lady referees.’ Pat continued to protest until she was allowed to take the exam in early September 1967, on which a Southern Newspapers letter congratulated her on ‘becoming a fully-fledged referee.’3 However, the congratulations would be premature. Upon passing, Pat was informed that ‘no certificate would be issued because the examination board had found that a. women are not allowed to play football and b. you wear glasses.’4 Combining sexism with disability discrimination in one fell swoop, this ruling neatly ignored the numbers of bespectacled male referees.
Three months later, the FA, passed a ban on women officiating an FA or league matches: ‘The meeting decided to adopt recommendation that regulations for the guidance of referees, Country Associations, Leagues and Competitions be amended, COUNTY ASSOCIATIONS SHALL NOT REGISTER FEMALES AS REFEREES (underlining and capitalisation as in the original document).5
Pat wrote to the Minister of Sport, Denis Howell and the Queen to object and had a photograph taken of the reply from the Palace. Making the national news, The Daily Express characterized her ‘The Ponytail Ref’ and ‘The Lipstick Ref.’ Undeterred Pat refereed many matches, including the prestigious Deal Women’s International Tournament, featuring sides from Austria and Czechoslovakia. Again in 1970 she was rebuked by a letter from the FA: ‘You are not permitted to referee women’s football teams played on grounds under the jurisdiction of the Football Association as females are not permitted to be registered by County Associations!’.6
First Chair of the Women’s Football Association in 1970 This degree of publicity that Pat had achieved clearly riled the FA, who in 1969 accepted control of women’s football, at the instigation of FIFA. It was begrudging. When Pat was elected the Chair of the newly formed Women’s Football Association, formed on 1 November 1969 at Caxton Hall London with 44 clubs, her tenure was to be shortlived. She was asked to resign as Chair in 1970 in favour of a man, Pat Gywnne, who was more acceptable to the FA, and particularly to the Secretary of the WFA, Arthur Hobbs. Coaching and Training a Women’s World Cup Squad 1971 Pat confessed to being mystified, having pioneered important aspects of the women’s game, as this summary has shown. She was not the only one to be treated badly by the WFA, and the FA, as infighting led to increasingly acrimonious ban’s on individuals who attempted to develop women’s football, such as Harry and June Batt. In 1971 Pat went to the unofficial Women’s World Cup in Mexico, as the team coach and trainer. The team was managed by Harry Batt, who has first become interested in women’s football because June played. On their return from Mexico Harry, June and The Chiltern Valley club which they led were given a ‘lifetime ban’ by the WFA, from being involved in women’s football. Perhaps Pat felt any hint of a ban was already redundant considering how she had already been treated. Pat at least got to experience the wonderful atmosphere in Mexico, where crowds of 100,000 in the Azteca stadium celebrated women’s football as a spectacle. The month-long trip to Mexico reinforced in all who went the potential for women’s football to have a large and ambitious Women’s World Cup twenty years before FIFA got around to organising its first in China.
From Unofficial to Official Referee As well as the first qualified referee under the newly gender de-segregated qualifications systems, Pat Dunn’s legacy as the first WFA Chair was to consistently ignore the blatant sexism of the FA at the time. In one patronizing 2006 newspaper article she is described by writer Melissa Thompson with ‘tortoiseshell spectacles, and ponytail high on her head…with a petite frame.’7 But this belied her determination and perseverance. The likes of Wendy Toms, Amy Fearn and Sian Massey-Ellis owe Pat Dunn a huge debt of gratitude and she should be in the National Football Hall of Fame. It took until 1976 for the FA to reverse its earlier decision, and, ten years of protest paid off with Pat officially being allowed to officiate a Sunday League, Third Division game between The Freewheelers from Weymouth and East Luckworth. By this time, the Dorset County FA actually began to give Pat trophies and other mementos to mark her various refereeing achievements, which was indeed a turnaround on its behavior a decade earlier. There is little doubt that she became something of a local celebrity, as her pioneering spirit was eventually recognized officially. In 1978, she passed the FA Team Management Certificate to enable her to take charge of a team, and soon after was promoted from Referee Class III to Class II. By 1980 Pat had sent off four players; two for violent conduct and two for foul language. Her enthusiasms became more gentle. She began to prefer cricket, and aged 50, took up umpiring. Pat went on to umpire her first Schools Under 14 County match, Dorset versus Oxford, and enjoyed this new interest until becoming ill with cancer in 1999, and dying aged 66 after a short illness.
1Daily Mirror 27 January 1967 2 Mr J. Hodges, Dorset County Football Association (DCFA) Letter to Pat Dunn 18 February 1967 Pat Dunn Collection, Weymouth Museum, Dorset. 3 Southern Newspapers Ltd Letter ’Congratulations on Becoming a Fully-Fledged Referee’ to Pat Dunn 4 September 1967 Pat Dunn Collection, Weymouth Museum, Dorset. 4 Dorset County Football Association Report From South Dorset Referee Examination Board Letter to Pat Dunn 5 September 1967 Pat Dunn Collection, Weymouth Museum, Dorset. 5 Football Association Letter to Pat Dunn 8 December 1967 Pat Dunn Collection, Weymouth Museum, Dorset. 6 The Football Association Letter to Pat Dunn 23 January 1970 Pat Dunn Collection, Weymouth Museum, Dorset. 7 Melissa Thomson Dorset Echo Magazine 4 March 2006 Pat Dunn Collection, Weymouth Museum, Dorset.
Pat Dunn with thanks for family history and supporting evidence from Deborah Doyle (niece).